Shirley Chisholm (1924-2005) -- first black woman in the House, first woman Democrat to run for president and first black person to run for president (in 1972). In 1969 she joined the Congressional Black Caucus as one of its founding members, and she was also one of the four founders of the National Women's Political Caucus in 1971. She was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1993.
Chisholm is also the star of this fantastic image:
Some of her campaign materials:
For further reading:
- Gloria Steinem's piece at the International Museum of Women's Web site.
- Wikipedia (cool pop culture references)
- "Shirley Chisholm's 1972 Presidential Campaign"
And be sure to read her 1970 speech on the Equal Rights Amendment, which includes this:
This is what it comes down to: artificial distinctions between persons must be wiped out of the law. Legal discrimination between the sexes is, in almost every instance, founded on outmoded views of society and the pre-scientific beliefs about psychology and physiology. It is time to sweep away these relics of the past and set further generations free of them.