Friday, December 11, 2009

In History: Susa Young Gates

This is the fourth post in a weekly feature here at Spare Candy, called "In History." Some posts might be little more than a photo, others full on features. If you have any suggestions for a person or event that should be featured, or would like to submit a guest post or cross post, e-mail me at rosiered23 (at) sparecandy (dot) com.

Susa Young Gates (1856-1933) is an interesting figure. She is the daughter of famed Mormon and LDS Church president Brigham Young and Lucy Bigelow, his 22nd wife. Perhaps "women's rights advocate" and "Mormon" aren't synonymous, but Gates was indeed a women's rights advocate.

Gates started the Young Woman's Journal in 1889 and it was published until 1929. She also started the Relief Society Magazine in 1915, which was published until 1922. Beyond magazines, Gates wrote nine books (some of which are on Amazon, used); the most well known is probably a biography of her father.

Gates wasn't just about writing though. She was one of the founders of the National Household Economics Organization and was a delegate and officer of the National Council of Women. Gates served as a delegate and speaker to five congresses of the International Council of Women, and in 1901, as a delegate to the International Council of Women in Copenhagen and London, she presented a paper, "Scientific Treatment of Domestic Science," in which she wrote:
"In times past, women have … done many improper things; and one of them is they often preferred men's opinions to their own and even yielded points of conscience for the sake of pleasing them, until, very naturally, they are looked upon by men as shallow, weak, and contemptible …. A course of self-reliance and self-assertion will restore our credit."Gates was also the main organizer of the Daughters of the American Revolution chapter in Utah, Daughters of the Utah Pioneers and the National Woman's Press Club. She was a member of the Board of Regents of Brigham Young University, where she started the music department, and of he Utah State Agricultural College.

Gates attended the University of Deseret (now known as the University of Utah), and Brigham Young academy. She was married at age 16, but divorced (!) five years later. She remarried three years after her divorce. All told, she had 13 children.

Source, source, source, photo source.

No comments:


Blog Widget by LinkWithin